While there are different causes of gum disease, the primary cause is the buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth. As the plaque accumulates, your gums swell in response. This in turn, allows plaque to build up below the gumline, where your toothbrush cannot reach. Bacteria can now find its way into your gums and then into the rest of your body. While gum disease can typically result in loose teeth, bad breath and problems with your jaws, the impact can reach beyond your mouth. If your gum disease is not treated, you could experience respiratory problems and be at a higher risk for heart attack, stroke, and even dementia. If you live with diabetes, gum disease may make it more difficult to control your blood sugar levels.
Scaling and root planing is one way that your dentist can address your gum disease when it is in the early stages, known as gingivitis. It often takes two visits to the office, and may require the use of a local anesthetic. In the first step, scaling, your dentist will use an instrument to remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth. In root planing, the dentist will clean and smooth the roots of your teeth so that they will have a healthy attachment to your jaws.
The symptoms of gum disease can include loose teeth, chronic bad breath, and gums that bleed when you brush or floss. Healthy gums are pink, and if your gums are bright red or blue, you should talk with your dentist about gum disease. If you have any of the symptoms of gum disease, or if you are concerned about it, our dentist, Dr. Jason Campbell will be happy to see you for an exam and a consultation. If you live in the Prescott, Arizona, area and would like to schedule an appointment at Pro Solutions Dental Group, call 928-776-1208 today, and we’ll get started on your healthy new smile.